This study was one of the first to address the issue of a lack of random representative sampling in same sex parenting research. A random sample of just over 15,000 adults were surveyed asking a number of questions. 2988 completed the survey and from that sample approximately 248 adults were identified who had ever lived with a parent who had been in a same-sex relationship. The other 2740 were divided into 6 other family types giving 8 groups. For each group, results for 40 different outcome measures were obtained.
Here are some of the key findings. (IBF= intact biological families)
It should be clear that there are significant differences across every variable between IBF and children with lesbian fathers and gay mothers. Outcomes of children who had lesbian/gay parents were similar in many respects to those with divorced, single parents or step families.
‘The empirical claim that no significant differences exist (between same sex couples and IBFs) must go..The study also clearly reveals that children appear most apt to succeed as adults when they spend their entire childhood with their married mother and father, and especially when the parents remain married to this day…The household instability that the study reveals is just too common among same sex coupes to take the social gamble of spending significant political and economic capital to esteem and support this new (but tiny) family form while Americans continue to flee the stable two-parent biological married household, the far more common and accomplished workhorse of the American household, and still, according to the data, at least-the safest place for a kid’ (Study Author)
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