The authors note the evolving evidence that children and adolescents with gender dysphoria have higher than expected rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but they note that clinical data on ASD in youth in America with gender dysphoria is limited. To address this they reviewed 39 cases who presented for evaluation at a multidisciplinary gender clinic at a large US paediatric hospital from 2007-2011 to evaluate the prevalence of ASD in this population. They found that overall, 9 out of the 39 cases (23.1%) had Asperger Syndrome. They conclude that their findings are ‘consistent with the growing evidence supporting increased prevalence of ASD in gender dysphoric children’.
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